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“Every street you go, you hear people mourning the deaths of their beloved ones,” a journalist in Paktika province told the BBC.
On Wednesday, June 22, 2022 the earthquake struck Paktika and Khost provinces at 1:30 AM while people were asleep. Many people have been killed and several others injured in, at least in Gyan and Barmal districts of Paktika 1,000 People have been killed and more than 1500 others have been injured, Maulvi Sharafuddin Muslim, Deputy Minister of State for Disaster Management of Taliban said. The Gyan district police chief told the media that the death toll could rise further as the quake destroyed many homes and they were busy removing people from the rubble.
Complete villages are destroyed, a 5 years old girl lost her all 5 members of the family, a kid who is only 8 years lost her all family, a man who is 55 years old lost his family’s 17 member.
Rescue workers said the casualties from the quake, which struck during the early hours of Wednesday, were likely to increase further.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) said the magnitude 6.1 quake struck about 44 kilometers from the provincial capital of Khost.
Speaking to the BBC, a doctor in Paktika said medical workers were among the victims.
“We didn’t have enough people and facilities before the earthquake, and now the earthquake has ruined the little we had,” they said. “I don’t know how many of our colleagues are still alive.”
Communication following the quake is difficult because of damage to mobile phone towers and the death toll could rise further still, another local journalist in the area told the BBC.
“Many people are not aware of the well-being of their relatives because their phones are not working,” he said. “My brother and his family died, and I just learned it after many hours. Many villages have been destroyed.”
Karim Nyazai was in the provincial capital and returned immediately to find his village devastated and 22 members of his extended family dead.
“I was away from my family who live in a remote village in the Gyan district. I went there as soon as I could find a car in the early morning,” he told the Guardian.
“The entire village is buried. Those who could manage to get out before everything fell down were managing to take out the bodies of their loved ones out of the rubble. There were bodies wrapped in blankets everywhere.
“I lost 22 members of my [extended family] including my sister, and three of my brothers. More than 70 people in the village died.”
Global and domestic reactions:
The United States has expressed sorrow over the recent quake and casualties in the country. The State Department said it had received “grave reports” of reports of earthquakes and casualties in Afghanistan.
A statement issued by the Chinese Foreign Ministry said that China extends its condolences to the Afghan people over the recent earthquakes in Paktika and Khost provinces.
The Chinese Foreign Ministry said it was “deeply saddened” by last night’s quake and its aftermath.
French President Emmanuel Macron
“Our thoughts are with the hundreds of victims of the earthquake which has hit Afghanistan and Pakistan with indescribable force, the thousands of injured, the families who have lost everything and everyone facing this terrible ordeal.”
Pope Francis, the leader of the world’s Catholic Christians, has expressed his condolences to the victims of the earthquake in Khost and Paktika. He said that international aid agencies should work together to help Afghans alleviate their hardships and problems. He hoped that humanitarian assistance to Afghans would increase.
In a tweet, US Secretary of State Anthony Blanken called the Afghan earthquake a “great tragedy” and said it had exacerbated the humanitarian crisis in the country.
Iran has shown readiness to help the victims of the recent earthquake. Saeed Khatibzada, a spokesman for Iran’s foreign ministry, said in a recent statement. He says Iran is deeply saddened by the incident and shares its grief with Afghans.
Manzoor Ahmad Pashtun, PTM leader;
“We are deeply saddened by the loss of life and property caused by the earthquake in Paktika and Khost provinces.
We share the grief of the bereaved families and the people of this region.”
At present, we call on the Pashtun Afghan people and the international community to urgently provide financial and medical assistance to these areas.
Former President Ashraf Ghani, in a message issued on last night’s earthquake, He called on the international aid agencies, national businesses and charities to reach out to the needy and fulfill their national, cultural, religious and social duty at this critical time.
Turkey has also expressed its condolences over the recent death toll from the quake. The Turkish embassy in Kabul said it shared its condolences with the families of the victims.
Former President Hamid Karzai has called for help for the quake victims. A statement from the office of former President Hamid Karzai said that last night’s earthquake had caused financial and personal losses to many people in the country and was deeply saddening.
He called on charities, national businesses, humanitarian organizations and other agencies to help the affected families and help them in this difficult situation.
Abdullah Abdullah“It is with great sadness that some of our compatriots have been martyred and some others injured due to the severe earthquake in Gyan district and surrounding areas of Paktika”. According to reports, some people are still trapped under the rubble due to the collapse of houses.
I urge the authorities, domestic and foreign social and charitable organizations to do everything possible to help and cooperate with the injured and the victims of the accident.
Pakistan’s Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif extended his condolences and an offer of support in a tweet on Wednesday.
“Deeply grieved to learn about the earthquake in Afghanistan, resulting in the loss of innocent lives,” he wrote. “People in Pakistan share the grief and sorrow of their Afghan brethren. Relevant authorities are working to support Afghanistan in this time of need.”
India expressed “sympathy and condolences to the victims and their families,” according to a tweet by the spokesperson of the Indian Ministry of External Affairs on Wednesday.
Taliban appeal for international aid
The government sadly is under sanctions so it is financially unable to assist the people to the extent that is needed,” said Abdul Qahar Balkhi, a senior Taliban official.
“International relief agencies are helping, neighboring countries, regional countries, and world countries have offered their assistance which we appreciate and welcome.
“The assistance needs to be scaled up to a very large extent because this is a devastating earthquake which hasn’t been experienced in decades.”
Taliban authorities said people were still under the rubble and. They also urged all aid organizations working in Afghanistan to help in the rescue operations.
Acting Foreign Minister of Taliban Amir Khan Mottaki. called on international community and Afghan businessmen to help and reach out to the families affected by the recent earthquake. He called on Afghan businessmen pledge to reach out to their countrymen as much as they can and are ready for humanitarian aid.
“The government is working within its capabilities,” tweeted Anas Haqqani, a senior Taliban official. “We hope that the International Community & aid agencies will also help our people in this dire situation.”
Assistance is done as four helicopters and few ambulances had arrived in the quake-hit area of Paktika. “A couple of helicopters came to help but it is not clear what else they can do other than moving the dead bodies.” Four families are in one tent, there are some other aids which is by the international community and people but it’s not enough and it can take a place.
Humanitarian aid is needed urgent
People are in immediate need of shelter, food, and water. We ask you to donate and do your best as it becomes our moral duty to help others when life gets difficult. Our people are hopeless and devastated. It’s that time they need our help; every dollar you donate can make a huge impact. Our donation may not cure the pain of this tragedy but will certainly aid those who are immediately in need of basics such as food, water, shelter, clothing, medicine and other essential items
Although many international aid agencies have stopped operating in Afghanistan since the fall of the Taliban regime, some of those who do exist have spoken of obstacles to aid delivery.
The incident is new and so far, the Taliban government or other international organizations have not surveyed how much aid will be needed for the quake victims in Khost and Paktika, but aid agencies based in Afghanistan say millions of dollars may be needed to deal with the damage.
Now the main obstacle to the delivery of aid is the lack of a sound banking system, which many institutions are facing. With the emergence of the Taliban regime, it has become difficult to transfer money to Afghanistan, only the United Nations can.
I propose below a report of the situation in theese days in my country, which I really hope can change with the diplomatic support of the international community:
Summer is the season of war in Afghanistan. Small resistance groups have emerged in many parts of the country. In recent months, many smaller groups have signaled their readiness to fight and pledge to fight against the Taliban. In addition to these groups, an increase in attacks by ISIS or the Islamic State terrorist group could push Afghanistan back to the brink of war.
Coordination of small groups for war.
While the goal of all these groups is to overthrow the Taliban government, they are facing difficulties due to lack of coordination and unity. The Institute for Studies of War, headquartered in Washington DC, released a research report on March 9 entitled “The Taliban and Opposition Groups Prepare for a New Spring War in Afghanistan” prepared by Mr. Peter Mills. “The National Resistance Front (NRF) has stated that it is preparing for attacks in the spring of this year and will continue to carry out attacks targeting the Taliban government,” it said.
The NRF is the first non-IS group to oppose the Taliban, led by Ahmad Massoud, the son of former Northern Alliance leader Ahmad Shah Massoud.
According to reports, the Taliban’s mass arrest campaign is likely to increase local support for the NRF, a campaign led by a senior Taliban commander Gorzang with links to the Haqqani network.
Peter Mills said that in order for these groups to have a decisive influence in competing with the Taliban government, more coordination and unity is needed.
Jonathan Schroeder, director of the Threats and Challenges Program at a non-profit research and analysis organization, says the lack of coordination between these groups has led to the group’s inability to form a broad-based resistance movement. Experts say the uprisings could last for years and that what is today a small group of, these groups could turn into a full-scale and bloody uprising.
The Taliban and the readiness for war.
The Taliban are also actively sending troops to northern and other parts of Afghanistan to limit the capabilities of anti-Taliban forces in the spring. Shortly after the Interior Ministry’s Special Forces entered the Panjshir Valley on January 31, the Taliban began sending aid to the Panjshir Valley, including the Taliban’s Red Brigade forces, on February 2, local reporters reported. The Ministry of Interior has sent several thousand Taliban fighters to the valley. Abdul Haq Wasiq, the Taliban’s intelligence chief, visited the Panjshir Valley on February 7 to assess the security situation. According to reports, Mullah Mohammad Yaqub, the Taliban’s defense minister, entered Panjshir province on February 21 to conduct a military operation against the NRF.
Overall, these actions show that the Taliban leadership is concerned about (NRF) attacks in the Panjshir Valley and wants to take a more proactive stance against (NRF) forces. In Herat province, the Taliban-Al-Farooq corps deployed three battalions on February 10 in Jawand, Ab Kamari and Tagab Alam districts of Badghis province. The Taliban’s Al-Farooq Corps deployed another battalion in the Barchman district of Farah province on 14 February. The 3rd Brigade of the 217 Omari Corps of the Taliban conducted military exercises and maneuvers in Baghlan province on 19th February. The 7th Brigade of the 207 Taliban Omari Corps conducted a military exercise near Farkhar district in the southeast of Taloqan city in Takhar province on 21 February.
The Taliban’s 203 Mansoori Corps sent 1500 troops from Paktia province to Bamyan province on February 22th.
The deployments and exercises come as popular pro-Taliban social media accounts report that the Taliban sent thousands of additional security forces to Takhar and Badakhshan provinces, some Afghan journalists reporting that the Taliban government has been deployed ten thousands additional troops in Badakhshan, Takhar, Baghlan and Kunduz provinces, under the guise of additional deployments, and it appears the Taliban may be sending more troops to northern Afghanistan.
The Taliban formed a new battalion in the Kohistan district of Kapisa province on 12 February. Taliban security forces, led by Mullah Fazel Mazloom, the Taliban’s deputy defense minister, began conducting house-to-house searches on February 25 in Kabul and nearby provinces to crack down on insurgents, according to reports from the Haqqani network and Both Taliban groups in Kandahar support the operation.
The Taliban are also conducting security operations in eastern Afghanistan, In Nangarhar province, the local Taliban leadership has inaugurated a new military unit called the (Panipat) Operational and Security Unit at the Nangarhar governor’s office, according to reports The unit will be responsible for conducting (special targeted operations), according to Abdul Hamid Khorasani, the unit was created to counter the IS-KP re-emergence, although in the past few weeks IS-KP There has been a significant drop in activity, but it should also not be overlooked that the Taliban continue to build new military forces in the region, indicating that they are concerned about IS-KP.
War and Pakistan.
Pakistan has been controlled by the military since its inception. The civilian governments there are only symbolic, Foreign policy, especially against Afghanistan and India is determined by the Pakistani military, Foreign policy instruments against it should be war issues, especially terrorism. The recent tensions between the Taliban and Pakistan along the Durand Line have made Pakistan anxious to rethink the Durand Line, and how Afghanistan Make it a battleground to facilitate the activities of terrorist groups and their transition to the region.
Pakistan’s intelligence chief Nadeem Anjum is probably meet with key Afghan politicians, including Abdul Rashid Dostum, Atta Mohammad Noor and Mohammad Mohaqiq, in Ankara, Turkey, on February 13, according to reports, Ahead of this meeting, Anjum meet the NRF chief Ahmad Massoud in an undisclosed regional country, possibly in Tajikistan.
Anjum called on the meeting to respond to Pakistan’s concerns over the (deteriorating situation) in Afghanistan and claimed that Pakistan wanted to maintain strategic relations with non-Pashtun Afghan politicians who were well-suited for a compromise on the Durand Line.
According to reports, Atta Noor’s close aide Wasif Hakimi said that Anjum was unhappy with the Taliban government for not including other Afghan political parties in the government.
Popular pro-Taliban social media accounts denounced the meeting as a “betrayal” of Pakistan and called for military action against Pakistan, the ongoing border violence would further complicate relations between Pakistan and the Taliban government. This will cause Pakistan to increase its ties with the anti-Taliban forces.
1- Freedom Front.
One of these new militant groups is the Afghan Liberation Front, which released a video on February 4 showing its determination to fight the Taliban, using a special flag and so on, Apparently not affiliated with the NRF, the group’s spokesman criticized the Taliban as a “terrorist group” that has kidnapped and killed women, journalists and civil society activists and starved millions of Afghans.
2- Wolf Unit
Unconfirmed reports in early February suggest that Yar Mohammad Dostum, the eldest son of the famous Uzbek commander in Afghanistan, Abdul Rashid Dostum, is preparing to enter Afghanistan and has formed a new group called the “Wolf Unite”.
3-National Liberation Front of Afghanistan.
The Afghan National Liberation Front (ANLF) has released a video announcing its presence in the mountains of Kapisa province to launch an armed resistance against the Taliban. The video also includes several women protesting against the Taliban government, Speaking and referring to them as “occupiers”, the speakers spoke in Dari and Pashto, suggesting that the group may be multi-ethnic.
The group has not identified its leader, but recent reports suggest that former Afghan Defense Minister and Chief of Staff Yasin Zia is one of its leaders.
4- Turkestan’s Freedom Tigers.
Another armed militant group, the Freedom Tigers of Turkestan, attacked a Taliban checkpoint south of the city of Sheberghan in Jawzjan province on 7 February.
5-National Islamic Movement for the Independence of Afghanistan.
The group, led by Abdul Matin Sulemankhel, a former commander of the Afghan National Army’s Special Forces, announced its existence on February 16 and is believed to be the largest Pashtana anti-Taliban group in the country, Suleimankhel said, Formed in response to executions of former Afghan army members and desert courts. He called the Taliban’s amnesty a lie.
Suleimankhel claimed in an interview with Afghanistan International Television on April 13 that the group had military and political activities in 26 provinces of Afghanistan.
The group’s allegations about the killing of a Taliban commander in Helmand appear to be credible.
5- General Sami Sadat
General Sami Sadat, a well-known military general in Afghanistan, has considerable experience fighting the Taliban, leading a historic battle in Helmand that has resulted in numerous casualties for the Taliban, a modern-day technologist and an internationalist. He has also declared war, expressed his support for the National Resistance Front, and a voicemail related to him on social media indicates that he is working on the integration of the Afghan Special Forces and will continue his work after Eid. Start activities.
6- Unidentified armed group in Herat zone (Badghis).
Unidentified gunmen bombed a mosque in Qala-e-Naw, the capital of Badghis province, on February 11, according to reports, two local Tajik Taliban commanders, Noor Agha and Saleh Mohammad Pardel, operating in Ab Kamari and Qadis districts, who revolted against the Taliban leadership in Badghis province in mid-January, Idris Mubarez, the (NRF) commander, announced a new NRF group in the same district on 18 February.
7- Other groups
In recent weeks, small anti-Taliban groups linked to former Balkh governor Atta Mohammad Noor have appeared in a series of videos apparently taken in northern Afghanistan.
In a recent video, several armed men wearing masks and posing as members of the “High Council of Resistance” identified themselves as “Noors” These men then threaten to start guerrilla warfare if they receive orders from (Noor).
Other groups that have made their efforts public in recent weeks and have little information about their leadership and capabilities include the Freedom Squad, the Hazaristan Army, the Democracy and Liberation Front.
Afghanistan’s complex geographical location, geopolitical situation and history indicate that these small groups will be used for foreign political purposes and the country will once again be plunged into war.
On the other hand, looking at the current Taliban government, it seems that no country has been recognized so far and no country has stood behind this government, so it will be difficult for the Taliban to resist, given that the republic has resisted the Taliban for 20 years, The reason given was that the whole world stood with the Afghan government politically, economically, culturally and militarily. And also some mistakes in policies of the Taliban could lead the world to conclude that reconciliation with the Taliban is impossible and that publicly, it must stand with the opposition and provide them with logistical support. Taliban would need to rethink their strategy and find diplomatic solutions inside and outside the country to avoid constant war situations and to gain position in the international community.
These and many other indications are that the country is once again heading for a bloody war, and that the Taliban need to change its hardline policies in order to establish a clear engagement with the world, Place all sides in and step together with the world.
The international community must also pay close attention to Afghanistan’s fragile political, economic and security situation so that it does not once again fall into the trap of terrorism, so that the world does not witness the 9/11 attacks again.
Sources has been used in this article.
1- (AFGHANISTAN IN REVIEW: TALIBAN AND OPPOSITION GROUPS PREPARE FOR A NEW SPRING FIGHTING SEASON IN AFGHANISTAN Publishing by Institute for the Study of War, written by Peter Mills, date march 9- 2022
2- DW Pashto Website
In Afghanistan, as almost everywhere in the world, a person’s family is the most important part of his or her identity in society, and a family’s honor is a key factor in how other families evaluate its social standing. Women’s rights and fairness, which are components of human rights, are supported by Islamic law and philosophy, which has its goals in the realization of justice, fairness, and dignity for all people. Afghan legal documents likewise supports gender equality and fairness, as seen by the 1964 Constitution.
In a general view of the situation of women in Afghanistan, in the first step, I consider it necessary to have a comparative view in order to clarify the situation of women before and after the Islamic Emirate. Has imposed a history on the women of Afghanistan. Also, at the macro level, there are three basic questions in the discussion of the current of feminism; During the reign of Amir Abdur Rahman Khan (r. 1880–1901), a women’s rights movement arose in Afghanistan.
First: Why did women get into this situation?
Secondly: How did she become isolated?
Thirdly: What were the consequences for women?
These are the three basic questions of the current of feminism, the answer to which can be found in three waves, which here is not an opportunity to examine the waves of formation of the current of feminism, and it must be said that its head is the beliefs of men and beliefs that It has historically perpetrated oppression and discrimination against women, but so has it in Afghanistan. In ancient times, the view was that women who could not go hunting and could not provide alimony, and then the thesis of practical work and work outside the home was pushed out and forced to go home and spend time working around the house arena.
Tribal laws and punishments have frequently taken precedent over Islamic and constitutional laws in determining gender roles, particularly in rural areas where family hierarchies exist. Women’s positions and rights have been jeopardized by tribal power maneuvers, honor structures, and inter-tribe displays of patriarchal control. Hence, making men’s historical views spread to everyone.
In Afghanistan values and culture are subject to belief and religion, and it depends on the religious practices whether religion is tolerant or not.
Afghan women today
Women’s rights were significantly improving in Afghanistan over some years when relatively few national and international institutions and authorities were active in defending and protecting women’s rights. Women were present in government offices, political jobs, social activities, and there were the largest conferences and programs for women. Women were allowed to talk freely because their presence in administrative positions and women voters in elections.
However, while these advantages and possibilities were available to women in Kabul, women and girls in Afghanistan’s countryside remained primarily trapped in religious practices with little news of political and civic activity rights. There was no work, even to the point where their basic human rights were unknown, and for the past two decades, the space for Afghan women and girls has been generally open, with opportunities for growth and education, yet all these efforts to attain rights were gone and dreams became unachievable with the arrival of the current regime which is conservative.
Women’s faces have been barred from all forms of media, including advertisements and television; schools for girls have been closed; and women are not allowed to leave their houses without a male companion.
According to a 2019 poll performed by UN Women and Promundo and summarized by Reuters, only 15% of Afghan males feel women should be permitted to work after marriage, and two-thirds worry that Afghan women have “too many rights.”
There appears to be little hope that conditions will improve in the near future, given the Taliban’s failure to follow through on their first promises regarding women’s rights. The only way out is to persuade the rest of the world of the magnitude of the situation and apply diplomatic pressure on the Taliban to fulfill their promises.
The international community’s silence on the humanitarian crisis, terrorist activities and human rights in Afghanistan is worrying. We’ve just receive report of many rights violated:
– Closure of schools for girls;
Although it has been almost a month since the start of the schools in Afghanistan, girls above the sixth class are still not allowed to go to school. A number of political parties, civil society groups and tribal councils in Kabul have called on the Taliban to reopen girls schools as soon as possible and not to allow girls’ schools in Afghanistan to remain closed. The political parties, civil society and tribal councils have issued a statement saying that girls education is red line of the people of Afghanistan and the doors of the schools should not remain closed for girls anymore. They also warned that closed schools for girls would force people to migrate, causing severe economic and political damage to the country.
– Two out of three children in Afghanistan do not have access to adequate food:
Business Standard publication wrote an article quoting international foundations about the fact that the raising hunger and poverty in Afghanistan have had a direct negative impact on the lives of children. Two out of three Afghan children do not have access to adequate food: The source said that the current situation is terrible and the families have been forced to sell their children or force them to do hard labor to get dome money for survival expenses. The International Children’s Fund, or Save the Children, also estimates that nearly five million Afghan children are starving. The agency also noted that the current drought in Afghanistan, political and economic conflicts and the suspension of international aid have affected services for children such as education, health and food security. According to various UN agencies, about 95 percent of Afghans do not have enough food, and children and women are the main culprits.
– Security and political crisis:
The wave of suicide attacks and bombings in the country has generated fear of Afghanistan falling into the hands of terrorist groups. There have been several deadly attacks in Kabul, Balkh and Kunduz in the past few days. A recent attack on civilians targeted a mosque in the Imam Sahib district of Kunduz province, killing more than 40 people and injuring more 50 people. Earlier a mosque in Mazar-e-Sharif and an education center in Kabul were drugged, killing and injuring dozens. The killings of Hazaras and Shiites are the latest wave of violence, and the militant groups currently fighting in Afghanistan are slowly spiraling out of control. Over the past 20 years, they have maintained close ties with al Qaeda, ISIS, the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, the East Turkestan Islamic Movement, the Pakistani Taliban, and Lashkar-e-Taiba. Theese groups sees opportunity of rebuild their ranks for West and Central Asia.
Afghanistan is once again at the center of jihadi extremism, The firing of 10 missiles by ISIS on Uzbekistan last week sends a message that the groups are trying to destabilize Afghanistan’s neighbors, which destroyed the geopolitical situation of the region. Economic stagnation, harsh sanctions, exclusion of women and girls from human rights, and the legal vacuum will once again turning Afghanistan into an exporter of terrorism. Recent attacks on civilian targets in Afghanistan have been condemned by many countries and political institutions. The United Nations Assistance Mission in Kabul (UNAMA), Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, the Norwegian delegation to the United Nations, the United Arab Emirates and a number of other governments and international organizations expressed sorrow over the recent attacks, which killed and injured hundreds of civilians. But humanitarian aid and condemnation of incidents alone cannot solve the problem of Afghans, Humanitarian aid is good, it solves the urgent needs of the people, condemnation of incidents is also a moral generator of courage and hope.
But we must not forget that the security situation in Afghanistan, has a direct impact to the whole world, especially on the region. After the war in Ukraine, Afghanistan seems to have been overlooked by the international community, which will have dire consequences in the future. The international community must not allow this country to once again become a breeding ground for terrorism and terrorist groups to once again become a source of profit for pro-government. It is necessary to find permanent solutions to help Afghanistan achieve sustainable economic growth and save the lives of millions of people. It is needed a structure to connect Afghanistan to the world and establish an agreement between Afghanistan and the U.N. about human rights, women rights, freedom of speech and all the values a democracy need, to prevent a humanitarian catastrophe.
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